Jl. Diponegoro 312 Pagotan, Madiun

Jawa Timur Province, Indonesia

Zip code: 63171

Mobile: +62857 7516 9195

Email: kps@lsm.or.id

Web: www.kps.lsm.or.id







Our Concern


We are very concerned about the fact that Indonesia emerges as the runner-up among the world’s top five countries that dumped plastic waste into the sea. This is based on a research released in 2015 by the University of Georgia’s scientists led by Jenna Jambeck.

All the world’s top five of sea-contaminators happens to be the Asian countries, namely China, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka.

The researchers claimed, plastic waste produced by the 192 countries around the world in 2010 totaled about 275 metric tons. China, Indonesia, and Philippines respectively dumped 8.8 million tons, 3.2 million tons, and 1.9 million tons of plastic waste into the sea by that year.

Waste persists as one of the most strategic problems in Indonesia since many decades. The quantity escalates rapidly but the management, on the other hand, is left behind.

According to the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry and Environment, in the last three years – 2016 through 2018 – the total waste in the country has increased constantly from 65 million tons to 65.8 million tons, and it is predicted to be 66.5 million tons by 2018. This is forecasted to swell to be 67.8 million tons by 2020 and furtherly 70.8 million tons by 2025.

Indonesia has tried to take strategic steps to resolve the problem among other things by legislating the Law number 18, 2008, concerning the waste management. This is further strengthened by the Government Regulation number 81, 2012, concerning the management of domestic waste and other similar waste, and then by the Presidential Regulation number 97, 2017, concerning the national policy and strategy on the management of domestic waste and other similar waste.

The Government of Indonesia even has formulated the National Policy and Strategy on Waste Management (Jakstranas) and drawn up a budget of US$ 1 billion for the implementation of the national action plan on coastal waste management.

All of those steps represent as the part of the Government of Indonesia’s commitment to reduce the waste to 30 percent as well as plastic waste in the sea to 70 percent by 2025.




So far, the waste problems in Indonesia have adversely impacted the poor especially the three groups considered most vulnerable, namely the poor who live in rural areas especially the landless and small farmers, the poor who live in urban slums especially the homeless, and the poor who live in coastal areas especially the artisanal fishers who struggle to survive by fishing applying simple and traditional tools.

The bad impacts facing the poor who live in rural areas, among other things, are that the garbage – dominated by plastic waste – increasingly encircle and destroy the plains in which the poor used to collect grass or leaves as their sources of food and traditional medicines. The waste sedimentations also heavily contaminate the rivers as the main source of clean water for the local communities.

Meanwhile, the poor who live in urban slums have to deal with severe floods every year because all the rivers are buried by mountains of trash – the greatest majority of which are plastic waste – so the consequent overflows go up uncontrollably in rainy seasons and massively sweep away almost all the inhabitants and their properties as well as the key public-facilities. Even worse the disaster also persists in dry seasons, as the rivers – that function as their main sources of water for bath, wash, and latrines for the poor – get drying, black, and smelling very bad due to enormous pollution of plastic waste.

The poor who live in the slums, especially the homeless as the most vulnerable group, also badly suffer due to the increasing prevalence of waste-born diseases fostered by the plastic waste with violent growth rate.

In the meantime, the poor who live in coastal areas find themselves increasingly difficult to produce normal catch because the fish stocks – as their main sources of food and income – continues to shrink due to the increasing domination of plastic litter in most fishing grounds.

All the calamities continue to aggravate the poverty and consequent environmental degradation in this country. The worst impact hit hard needy women who are usually responsible for waste management at domestic and public levels.




Challenged by all the problems described above, 17 needy girls who live on waste collection and management from various slums in Indonesia tried to find the best solution to escape from the horrible situation. They gathered in Madiun, East Java Province, Indonesia, in September 2016.

After three-day discussion and debate, they found many ideas about how to best govern plastic waste in order to free themselves and other girls like them from poverty trap in a sustainable manner.

As a vehicle to pursue their goals, they founded Komunitas Penadbiran Sampah (Waste Governance Community), abbreviated to KPS.






Updated: January 27, 2020