Jl. Diponegoro 312 Pagotan,
Jawa Timur Province, Indonesia
Zip code: 63171
Mobile: +62857 7516 9195
We are very concerned about the fact that
Indonesia emerges as the runner-up among the world’s top five
countries that dumped plastic waste into the sea. This is based on a
research released in 2015 by the University of Georgia’s scientists
led by Jenna Jambeck.
All the world’s top five of sea-contaminators happens to be the
Asian countries, namely China, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, and
The researchers claimed, plastic waste produced by the 192 countries
around the world in 2010 totaled about 275 metric tons. China,
Indonesia, and Philippines respectively dumped 8.8 million tons, 3.2
million tons, and 1.9 million tons of plastic waste into the sea by
Waste persists as one of the most strategic problems in Indonesia
since many decades. The quantity escalates rapidly but the
management, on the other hand, is left behind.
According to the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry and Environment, in
the last three years – 2016 through 2018 – the total waste in the
country has increased constantly from 65 million tons to 65.8
million tons, and it is predicted to be 66.5 million tons by 2018.
This is forecasted to swell to be 67.8 million tons by 2020 and
furtherly 70.8 million tons by 2025.
Indonesia has tried to take strategic steps to resolve the problem
among other things by legislating the Law number 18, 2008,
concerning the waste management. This is further strengthened by the
Government Regulation number 81, 2012, concerning the management of
domestic waste and other similar waste, and then by the Presidential
Regulation number 97, 2017, concerning the national policy and
strategy on the management of domestic waste and other similar
The Government of Indonesia even has formulated the National Policy
and Strategy on Waste Management (Jakstranas) and drawn up a budget
of US$ 1 billion for the implementation of the national action plan
on coastal waste management.
All of those steps represent as the part of the Government of
Indonesia’s commitment to reduce the waste to 30 percent as well as
plastic waste in the sea to 70 percent by 2025.
THE IMPACT OF PLASTIC WASTE TO THE POOR
So far, the waste problems in Indonesia have adversely impacted the
poor especially the three groups considered most vulnerable, namely
the poor who live in rural areas especially the landless and small
farmers, the poor who live in urban slums especially the homeless,
and the poor who live in coastal areas especially the artisanal
fishers who struggle to survive by fishing applying simple and
The bad impacts facing the poor who live in rural areas, among other
things, are that the garbage – dominated by plastic waste –
increasingly encircle and destroy the plains in which the poor used
to collect grass or leaves as their sources of food and traditional
medicines. The waste sedimentations also heavily contaminate the
rivers as the main source of clean water for the local communities.
Meanwhile, the poor who live in urban
slums have to deal with severe floods every year because all the
rivers are buried by mountains of trash – the greatest majority of
which are plastic waste – so the consequent overflows go up
uncontrollably in rainy seasons and massively sweep away almost all
the inhabitants and their properties as well as the key
public-facilities. Even worse the disaster also persists in dry
seasons, as the rivers – that function as their main sources of
water for bath, wash, and latrines for the poor – get drying, black,
and smelling very bad due to enormous pollution of plastic waste.
The poor who live in the slums,
especially the homeless as the most vulnerable group, also badly
suffer due to the increasing prevalence of waste-born diseases
fostered by the plastic waste with violent growth rate.
In the meantime, the poor who live in
coastal areas find themselves increasingly difficult to produce
normal catch because the fish stocks – as their main sources of food
and income – continues to shrink due to the increasing domination of
plastic litter in most fishing grounds.
All the calamities continue to aggravate the poverty and consequent
environmental degradation in this country. The worst impact hit hard
needy women who are usually responsible for waste management at
domestic and public levels.
Challenged by all the problems described
above, 17 needy girls who live on waste collection and management
from various slums in Indonesia tried to find the best solution to
escape from the horrible situation. They gathered in Madiun, East
Java Province, Indonesia, in September 2016.
After three-day discussion and debate, they found many ideas about
how to best govern plastic waste in order to free themselves and
other girls like them from poverty trap in a sustainable manner.
As a vehicle to pursue their goals, they founded
Komunitas Penadbiran Sampah (Waste Governance Community),
abbreviated to KPS.